9.12 Summary

    1. T9SS1 bacteria use secretion systemsto deliver cargo to their surface
    2. T4SST2SS2 ...or into the environment
    3. T3SST5SST6SS3 ...or directly into other cells
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    Concept Check Questions

    • What are two structures bacteria use to attach to a biofilm?

    • Which two motility machineries are related to the type II secretion system?

    • Which bacterial weapon is related to the flagellar motor?

    • What does Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus use to latch onto its prey?

    Further Reading

    • Christie (2019). The rich tapestry of bacterial protein translocation systems [87].

    • Flemming et al. (2016). Biofilms: An emergent form of bacterial life [88].

    • Patz et al. (2019). Phage tail-like particles are versatile bacterial nanomachines [89].

    • Sockett (2009). Predatory lifestyle of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus [90].